Council of Ministers
Council of Ministers
Article 74(1) states that "There shall be a council of ministers with the Prime Minister as its head". Article75(1) says "The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and other Ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister". The number of the minister must not be more than the 15% of the number of the MP's in the Lok Sabha.
As per Article 75(3), the Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha, if a resolution is defeated in the Parliament, the entire ministry collapses. A minister can be a member of either house of the Paliament, but he is liable to vole onyl in the House to which he belongs. A person not belonging to any House can be appointed as minister but he has to get elected to either House within a period of six months.
Prime Minister of India
In Parliamentary system of Government, the President is the nominal exective authority and the Prime Minister is the real executive authority. The president is the head of the State while the Prime Minister is the Head of the Government. He is the Chief Spokesman of the Union Government. Prime Minister is given several powers. Some of them are as follows:
- In relation to the Council of Minister: He recomends teh Pesons who can be appointed as the Ministers by thePresident, he can collapse the cabinet by resigning from the office at any time. He has right to call any file from any ministry.
- In relation to the President: He is the Principal channel of communication between the President and the council of Minister(Article 78). He tells the president all the decisions of the Council of Ministers relating to the administration of the Union. He advises the President with regard to the appointment of important officials like CAG, Attorny General, Chaimen of UPSC etc.
- In relation to the Parliament: The Prime Minister is the leader of the Lower House of th Parliament. He advises the President with regard to call the sessions of the Parliament. He can recommend dissolution of the Lok Sabha to the President at any time. He can give answers in both the Houses of parliament ar can participate in debates.
Attorney General of India
Article 76 states that the President shall appoint a person who is qualified tobe appointed as a judge of Supreme Court as the Attorney-General of India.
He is the first legal officer of the Government of India. Attorny-General holds office during the pleasure of the President, and receives salary as the President may determine.
Comptroller and Auditor General
Provisions regarding the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) are given under Articles 148-151, he is appointed by president for a full term of 6 years or 65 years of age whichever is earlier. His duty is to take care of the fund used by government. He takes care of that all expenditure must be accordance with the Law.
The CAG is an officer of the Parliament and he is called as Ears and Eyes of the Public Accounts Committee. He is also known as the Guardian of Public Purse.