Union And Its Territory
Article 1 says, "India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States". The term union was suggested by Dr. B.R Ambedkar. According to Dr. Ambedkar it means theat state do not have right to seprate them from union.
Formation of New State
Article 2 deals with the Esteblishment of new State.
Article 3 deals with the formation of a new state out of the teritories of the existing State. It gives power to the parliament to change a name, area or boundary of new sate.
Procedure For Creation of New States
Parliament can form new States, change the boundries or names of the existing states by a law passed by a simple majority. No Bills for the formation of new States or Alteration of the boundries or names of the existing States shall be introduced in either House of the Parliament, except on the recommendation of the president. The President before introducing the bill in the parliament shall refer it to the respective State Legislature for ts openion within a specific time
If the state Legislature doesnot dive its opeinon within the specified limit, the time limit may be extended. The bill may be introduced even if the openion has not come. The parliament is not bound to accept or act upon the views of the State legislature