Chapters

Silent Features of Our Constitution

The Constitution of India has some distinct and unique features as compared to other constitutions of the world. As Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, the Chairman of the Drafting Committee tried to make it best for the farmers and taken the best features of other constitutions. Some of the silent features are discussed below.

Lengthiest Written Constitution

Their are two type of constitutions, first is written constitution like American and Indian constitution and the second one is unwritten like the British Contitution. The constitution of India is the longest of all the written constitutions of the world. Everything is written in detail and elobrated properly.

Taken Form Various Other Sources

The Constitution of India has borrowed most of its part from the constitutions of many other countries.

  1. Parliamentary form of Government - Taken from the UK's constitution
  2. Rule of law - Taken from the UK's constitution
  3. Fundamental Rights - Taken from the U.S.A
  4. Republic - Taken from French constitution
  5. Fundamental Duties - From USSR (Now Russia)
  6. Directive principles of state policy - From Ireland
  7. Method of election of president - From Ireland
  8. Concurrent List - Australia
  9. Process to amend the Constitution - South Africa
  10. Single Citizenship - Britain (U.K)
  11. Fedration with strong entre - Canada

 

Mixture of Rigidity and Flexiblity

Constitutions are also classified into rigid and flexible constitutions.

  1. Rigid Constitution: In rigid constitution a special procedure is required for its amendment, for e.g: American Constitution
  2. Flexible Constitution: A flexible constitution can be amended in the same manner as the ordinary laws are made, for e.g: British Constitution

 

Indian Constitution is a mixture of both rigid constitution and flexible Constitution. Some provisions can be amended by a special majority of the Parliament, i.e., a two-third majority of the members of each House present and voting, and a majority (that is, more than 50 per cent), of the total membership of each House and some other provisions can be amended by a special majority of the Parliament

Federal System With Unitary Bias

The Constitution of India have a federal system of government. It contains all the usual features of fedration like two governments, division of powers, written Constitution, independent judiciary and bicameralism,

It also contains a large number of unitary or non-federal features like a stron gCentre, single Constitutionm single citizenship, integrated judiciary, all-India services, emergency powers etc.

Parliamentary Form of Government

The constitution of India have a parliamentary system like British parliamentry System. It consists of two houses i.e. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha

Independent Judiciary

The Indian constitution esteblishes an indipendent judiciary. The Supreme Court stand at the top of the Judicial System in the country. Below it, there are High Courts at the state level and below them district courts and other lower courts.

Single Citizenship

Even we have two type of governments (centre and state governments) the constitution provides only a single citizenship that is the indian citizenship. USA on the other hand provides dual citizenship, one of USA and other of the State to wich a person belongs.

Independent Bodies

There are several indipendent bodies which are out of government controll.

  1. Election Commission: Election Commission ensure free and fair elections
  2. Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG): He checks the accounts of the Centeral and State government. He acts as the guardian of public money
  3. Union Public Service Commission (UPSC): Its duty to conduct examination for recruitment to all India Services and higher Central Services.
  4. State Public Service Commission : It conducts the recruitment of State Services officers.

 

Emergency Provisions

Indian constitution contains detaied emergency provisions to enable the President to handle any extra-ordinary situation effectively. The main purpose of these power is to safeguard the Unity, Integrity, Security and Soveregnty of the country. The constitution provides three type of emergencies.

  1. National Emergency
  2. State Emergency
  3. Financial Emergency

Latest Current Affaris

Current affairs 05/06/2019
Current affairs 05/06/2019

1). Comptroller and auditor general Rajiv Mehrishi has been appointed as the external auditors of World Health Organisation (WHO) for a four year term from 2020-23. 2).World Environment Day is observed on 5 June(Theme: The Air Pollution). 3). Madhya Pradesh cabinet has passed a resolution to increase reservation of OBC's 27%.

करंट अफेयर्स 03-04/06/2019
करंट अफेयर्स 03-04/06/2019

1. नयब बुकेले को ईआई सल्वाडोर के राष्ट्रपति के रूप में चुना गया है। (ईआई सल्वाडोर की राजधानी: सैन सल्वाडोर, मुद्रा: संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका डॉलर) 2. राष्ट्रीय सुरक्षा सलाहकार (NSA) अजीत डोभाल की दोबारा अपने पद पर नियुक्ति हुई। NDA सरकार के दूसरे कार्यकाल में उन्हें कैबिनेट रैंक दिया गया है। 3. 3 जून को विश्व साइकिल दिवस मनाया जाता है।

Current affairs 03-04/06/2019
Current affairs 03-04/06/2019

1. Nyaib Bukele has been Sworn in as the president of  EI Salvador ( EI Salvador's capital: San Salvador, currency: United States Dollar). 2. National Security Advisor (NSA) Ajit Doval reappointed to his post and given Cabinet rank in the second term of the NDA government. 3. World Bicycle Day is observed on 3rd June .

Current Affairs Quiz

डेली जीके क्विज 17/05/2019
डेली जीके क्विज 17/05/2019

1. भारतीय नौसेना प्रमुख का नाम बताएं? 2. हाल ही में ICC द्वारा पहली महिला मैच रेफरी के रूप में किसे नियुक्त किया गया है? 3. हाल ही में एक हल्के खेल विमान (एलएसए) में अटलांटिक महासागर को पार करने वाली दुनिया की पहली महिला कौन बनी है?

Daily Gk Quiz 17/05/2019
Daily Gk Quiz 17/05/2019

1. Name the Indian Navy Chief? 2. Recently who has been appointed as first female match referee by ICC? 3. Recently who has becomes the world’s first woman to cross the Atlantic Ocean solo in a light sports aircraft (LSA)?

डेली जीके क्विज 29/09/2018
डेली जीके क्विज 29/09/2018

प्रश्न 1)। हाल ही में एशियाई विकास बैंक (एडीबी) ने राज्य में रोजगार को बढ़ावा देने के लिए मध्य प्रदेश में पहला बहु-कौशल पार्क स्थापित करने के लिए 150 मिलियन डॉलर के ऋण को मंजूरी दे दी है। एडीबी के अध्यक्ष कौन हैं? प्रश्न 2)। परकर्म परव किस अवसर पर मनाया जा रहा है? प्रश्न 3)। भारत की लाइव स्टॉक जनगणना 1 अक्टूबर से शुरू होने वाली है। इस तरह की कितनी जनगणना पहले आयोजित की गई है और यह कौन सी जनगणना है?