Making of Constitution
M.N. Roy was the first person who demanded that India should have its own Constitution. In 1935, the Indian National Congress(INC), for the first time, officially demanded a Constituent Assembly to make the Constitution of India. This demand was finally accepted by British Government in 1940 which is known as 'August Offer'.
Making of Constituent Assembly
The total strength of the Constituent Assembly was 389 out of these, 296 seats were t be alloted to British India and 93 seats to the Princely States. Out of 296 seats, 292 members were to be drawn from the eleven provences(states) and four from the four chief commissioners provences, one from each.
Working of Constituent Assembly
The Constituent Assembly held its first meeting on 9 December 1946. The meeting was attended by only 211 members. Dr. Sachchidanand Sinha, the oldest member was elected as the temprory president of the Assembly. On 11 Dec. 1946 Dr. Rajendra Prasad was appointed as the president of Assembly and H.C. Mukherjeey was appointed as the vice president of the Assembly. BN Roy was appointed as the Constitutional advisor to the Assembly.
The Drafting Committee set up on 29 August, 1947 to prepare a draft of the new Constitution. It constisted of seven members. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was the chairman of this committee.
Time Taken to Make Constitution
The whole constitution was implemented on 26 Jan 1950. So, 2 years 11 months 18 days were taken to frame the constitution. At that time there were 8 schedule, 22 parts and 395 articles in our constitution.
Some Important Points
- The national flag was adopted on 22 July 1947 by the constituent Assembly
- National anthem and National Song were adopted on 24, January 1950
- It elected Dr. Rajendra prasad as the first President of India on 24 January 1950.
- The constitution makers had studied the constitution of nearly 60 countries.
- Rs. 64 lakhs were spent on the making of constituion
- On 24 January, the constituent assembly held its last session.