Chapters

The State Legislature

In India, except Jammu and Kashmit(Article 370), all the States have the same Pattern of Govenment as the Centre.

The Governor

Article 153 says there shall be a governor of each state in India. The governor is the Chief executive head of a State, but like the President of India, he is a nominal executive head(de jure).

Appointment of Governor

A Governor is appointed by the President of India by warrent under his hand and seal on the recommendations of the Union Council of Ministers. Usually the term of office of governor is 5 years but he hold office during rhe pleasure of president.

He can also be transferred from one state to another. He can also resign by addressing his resignation to the president. The legislature of state or a High court has no role in the removal of a govenror. The oath of the office of governor is administrated by the chief justice of the concern state's High court.

Under Article 360, Governor is not answerable to any court for his performance of his power and duties of his office. The court can't Issue an arrest warrent and other punishment during his term of office.

The Chief Minister

The Chief Minister is the real executive and the head of the Government of a State. The position of Chief Minister at the State is same as the position of the Prime Minister at the Centre. Other ministers shall be appointed by teh Governor on the advice of the Chief Ministers.

If Chief Minister resigns all ministery will be collapsed. Chief Minister advices the Governor for the appointment of important officials like Advocate General, the Chairman and the members of the State Public Service Commission etc.

The Advocate General

The Advocate General is the first law officer of a State. His office and functions are comparable to that of the Attorney General of India. Advocate General must be qualified to be a Juddge of the Hgh Court. He has the right to attend and speak in the proceedings of both the house of the State Legislature.

The Advocate General

The Advocate General is the first law officer of a State. His office and functions are comparable to that of the Attorney General of India. Advocate General must be qualified to be a Juddge of the Hgh Court. He has the right to attend and speak in the proceedings of both the house of the State Legislature.

The State Legislature

The legislature of every state consist of governor and one/two house. The legislature of J&K, Bihar, Maharastra, Karnatka, U.P, Andra Pradesh and Telangana are bicammeral means the have both the houses i,e Legislative Council(Vidhan Parishad) and Legislative Assembly(Vidhan Sabha). The other states have only Legislative Assembly.

The Legislative Assembley(Vidhan Sabha)

The Legislative Assembly is the popular House of the State Legislature where members are directly elected by people for a term of 5 years. The house can be dissolve earlier by the Governor earlier. The strength of this house must be not less than 60 or not more than 500, but there are exception state like Goa, Sikkim, Puduchar which have less than 60.

The Legislative Council(Vidhan Parishad)

A per the Constittution, the number of members of the Legislative Council is not to exceed 1/3 of the total strength of the State Assembly. However, its strength should not be less then 40 either. Just like Rajya Sabha at the Centre, the Legislative Council of s State never dissolve. The members are elected for a term of 6 years and1/3 of its members retive in every two years


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