The Supreme Court
The provisions related to the Judiciary is written in Articles from 124-147. Initially, there was a Chief Justice and seven Judges in the Supreme Court. At present, there is one Chief Justice and 25 other Judges in the Supreme Court, the power to increase or decrease the number of Judges in Supreme court belongs to the Parliament. The senior most judge of the Supreme Court is appointed as the Chief Justice of India.
Quallification For Appointment Of Judge at Supreme Court
He should be a citizen of India, He has been atleast five year judge of a High Court or a two such Courts in succession or he has been atleast ten years an advocate of a High Court or of two or more such Courts in Sucession. In the opinion of the President he must be a distinguished jurist.
Article 32 imoses duty on the Supreme Court of enforce the Fundamental Rights. Under this Article, every Individual has a right to move to Supreme Court directly if he feels any harms to his fundamental Rights.
Removal of the Judges of Supreme Court
Article 124(4) provides that a judge of the Supreme Court can be romoved by the president after and address by each of the House of the parliament with a majority of not less than two-third of the members of that house on the ground of proved misbehavior or incapacity.
A motion related to removal of a Judge can be moved in either house of the Parliament. If it is introduced in the Lok Sabha, it should be signed by not less hean 100 members of the Lok Sabha, if it is to be introduced in Rajya Sabha it must be signed by atleast 50 members.
The motion can be moved only afer a prior notice to that judge. After being properly introduced, the chairperson of that house appoints a three member Judicial Committee to inquire the matter. The head of Judicial Committee shall be a serving Judge of the Supreme Court.
The Hight Court
The High Courts stands at the head of the Judiciary in a State. The provision of High Court is written in Article-214. The Parliament can, establish a coomon high court for one of r more States and one or more Union Territory.
Quallification For Appointment Of Judge at High Court
He should be a citizen of India and must have worked at a judicial office in the territory of India for atleast ten years or must have been an advocate of a High Court or two or more such Courts in succession for atleast ten years.