Article-324 Provides that the power of control of the election of Parliament, State Legislatures and President of India vested in th Election Commission. The Election commission is a permanent and independent body. The Electrol system in Inda is borrowed fro Great Britain.
The election of Panchayats and Municipalites are not conducted byelection Commission. The Term of Chief Election Commissioner is for 6 years or till he/she attains the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier. The removal process of Election Commissioner is same as the Judges of the Supreme Court. The first Chief Ellection Commissioner of India was Mr. Sukumar Sen
The Voters Identity Card
It was Introduced in 1993 ducring the tenure of the former Chief Election Commissioner T.N. Seshan
Article 280 of the Constitution provides for a Finance Commission. It is a quasi-judicial body. It was formed to define the financial relations between the centre and the state. Finance Commission of India was made with the purpose of allocation of resources between the Union and the States. Its main aim is to distribute money collected by taxes between state and center government. The recommendations made by the Finance commission ate oly advisory in nature and hance , not binding on the Government.
Union Public Service Commission(UPSC)
The member sof UPSC are appointed by President for a term of 6 years or till they attain 65 years of age. They can resign to Presiden. President can remove them by issuing orders. Only the Supreme Court makes such a recommendation on the basis of an inquiry. Members of the UPSC are not eligible for employment by the government after retirment
Functions of UPSC
Union Public Service Commission has to play some very important functions. Some of them are as follows.
- To Conduct exams for the appointment to services under the Union.
- Advise the President in maters related to appointments, promotions and trandsfers from one service to another of civil servants.
- All disciplinary matters affecting a person in teh service of Union.
- Matters regarding award of pension and awards in respect to injuries sustained during service under teh government.
- Maintains continuity of administration.
It was established on 15 March 1950 by an executive resolution of the Government of India. Now, it has been replaced by NITI Aayog. It was established on the recommendation of the Advisor Planning Bord constituted in 1946, under the chairmanship of KC Neogi. The Prime minister was the ex-officio Chairman of the Planning Commission.
NITI Aayog stands for National Institution for Transforming India Aayog. The formation of NITI Aayog announced on 1 January 2015, and the first meeting of NITI Aayog was held on 8 February 2015. The Prime minister is the ex-officio Chairman of the NITI Aayog followed by a Vice-Chairmen. Shri Arvind Panagariya is the first chairmen of NITI Aayog.