Citizens are individuals who enjoy full menmbership of political communities. All rights avilable in the country are enjoyed by them. An Aliens is a person who was not a full member of the socity of that country and do not enjoy all rights avilable in the country.
Special Duties of Citizen
A citizens must be loyal to the nation. He can be called upon by the state to provide militay service to safe gaurd his country at any time.
Citizenship and Constitution
Constitution authorized the parliament to regulate the law regarding the citizenship in India. Constitution provide single citizenship to every parson in India. Constituion probhit the dual or double citizenship.
How to Get Citizinship of India
Their are 5 way to get the citizenship of India.
- By Birth: Every person born in India or after 26 January 1950, shall be a citizen of India by law of soil(Jus Soli). One or both of his/her parents must be citizens of India at the time of his/her birth.
- By Descent: If a person born outside India is a citizen of India if one or both parents are the citizen of India at the time of his/her Birth i.e. Law of blood(Jus Sanguine)
- By Registration: If a person is registerd in Indian diplomacy and stayed in india for atleast 7 years.
- By Naturalization: If a person work for India and should be of good character and stayed in India for atleast 12 years. Then Indian citizenship should be provided to him/her eg: Mother Terasa
- By Incorportion of Territories: If any new territory becomes a part of India then the person of that territory is recognized as the citizen of India.
Termination of Citizenship
According the citizenship act 1955, there are 3 methods by which an Indian citizen may lose his/her citizenship
- Renunciation: It is a voluntary act by which a person, after acquiring the citizenship of another country, gives up his Indian citizenship
- Termination: If an Indian ciizen voluntarily takes the citizenship of another country his Indian citizenship will be automatically terminates.
- Deprivation: If a person found to use fraudlent means to take Indian citizenship then his citizenship of India will be terminated by the authorities.