Indian Location

India lies between between latitude 8°4' N to 37°6' N and from longitude 68°7’ E to 97°25' E. Tropic of Cancer divides India into almost two equal parts passing from jabalpur in M.P. Indra point is the southern most point of India at 6°45’ . India lies wholly in the northern and Eastern hemisphere. 80°30’ Longitude is taken as standard time meridian of India and passes through the middle of India (near Allahabad).

Area and Boundaries

Length of India from North to South is 3214 km and from east to west is 2933 km. Total area of India is 32,87,263 sq. Km. It is 2.4% of total world area. India has coastline of 6,100 km. Lakashadweep and andaman Nicobar have 1416.6km of coastline therefore total coastline of India is 7516.6 km. Total land neighbours of India are Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar. India have two island first is Andaman and Nicobar in bay of Bengal and Lakashadweep in Arabian Sea.

Facts about India

Uttar Pradesh have maximum number of 8 (Eight) States boundaries: Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, MP, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Bihar.

Tropic of Cancer passes through, 8 (Eight) States: Gujarat, Rajasthan, MP, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram.

Structure of India

Indian structure consist of three major parts:

  1. The peninsular block
  2. The Himalayas and other peninsular Mountains
  3. Indo Ganga Brahmaputra plain


The peninsular block

This plateau is shaped like triangle with its base in the north. It spreads in south of the Indo-Gangetic plains having sea on three sides. It consist of the Aravali hills, the Nellamalai hills, the Javadi hills, the Veliconda hills, the Palkonda range and the Mahendragiri hills, etc. Most of the flowing rivers form deltas before entering Into the Bay of Bengal.

Himalayas and other peninsular mountains

The Himalayas along with other Peninsular mountains are young, weak and flexible in their geological structure unlike the rigid and stable Peninsular Block.

Indo Ganga Brahmaputra plain

Third geological division of India is the plains formed by the river Indus, the Ganga and Brahmaputra.

Physiographic Divisions

Based on the variations, India can be divided into the following physiographic divisions:

  1. The Northern and Northeastern Mountains
  2. The Northern plain
  3. The Peninsular Plateau
  4. The Indian desert
  5. The Coastal plains
  6. The Island


The Northern and Northeastern Mountains

The North and Northeastern Mountains consist of the Himalayas and the Northeastern hills. Between the Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal range, lies the world famous valley of Kashmir and the famous Dal Lake. Important glaciers of South Asia such as the Baltoro and Siachen are also found in this region. It consist of Kashmir, ladakh etc. All the three ranges of Himalayas are come in this section also. These are the Great Himalayan range, the Lesser Himalayas (which is locally known as Dhaoladhar in Himachal Pradesh and Nagtibha in Uttaranchal) and the Shiwarik range from the North to the South.

The Northern Plains

These are formed by alluvial soil deposit by the rivers- the Indus , The Ganga and Brahmaputra. These are 3200 km from east to west. These are divided into three major zone from North to South: Bhabar, Tarai, and alluvial plains.

The peninsular plateau

This plateau is like triangle in shape with its base in the North. This spreads of the Indo-Gangetic plains covered by sea on three side. The peninsular plateau is divided into three main groups:

  1. The Deccan Plateau
  2. The Central Highlands
  3. The Northeastern Plateau


The Deccan plateau

This is touched by the western ghats in the west, Eastern Ghats in the east and the Satpura. Maikal range and Mahadeo hills in the north. Western ghats are known as Nilgiri hills in Kamatnku and Tamil Nadu and Anaimalai hills and Cardamom hills in Kerala. ‘Anaimudi’ (2,695 m), the highest peak of Peninsular plateau is located on the Anaimalai hills of the Western Ghats followed by Dodabetta (2,637 m) on the Nilgiri hills. The Mahanadi. The Godavnri, The Krishna, The Kaveri, etc are the main river of this region. It is the largest plateau in India.

The Indian Desert

The name of India desert is 'Thar desert'. It is the Asia’s largest desert. This region receives low rainfall below 150mm per year. Hence it have low Vegetation. The area of thar desert is 3,20,000sq km.

Latest Current Affaris

Current affairs 05/06/2019
Current affairs 05/06/2019

1). Comptroller and auditor general Rajiv Mehrishi has been appointed as the external auditors of World Health Organisation (WHO) for a four year term from 2020-23. 2).World Environment Day is observed on 5 June(Theme: The Air Pollution). 3). Madhya Pradesh cabinet has passed a resolution to increase reservation of OBC's 27%.

करंट अफेयर्स 03-04/06/2019
करंट अफेयर्स 03-04/06/2019

1. नयब बुकेले को ईआई सल्वाडोर के राष्ट्रपति के रूप में चुना गया है। (ईआई सल्वाडोर की राजधानी: सैन सल्वाडोर, मुद्रा: संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका डॉलर) 2. राष्ट्रीय सुरक्षा सलाहकार (NSA) अजीत डोभाल की दोबारा अपने पद पर नियुक्ति हुई। NDA सरकार के दूसरे कार्यकाल में उन्हें कैबिनेट रैंक दिया गया है। 3. 3 जून को विश्व साइकिल दिवस मनाया जाता है।

Current affairs 03-04/06/2019
Current affairs 03-04/06/2019

1. Nyaib Bukele has been Sworn in as the president of  EI Salvador ( EI Salvador's capital: San Salvador, currency: United States Dollar). 2. National Security Advisor (NSA) Ajit Doval reappointed to his post and given Cabinet rank in the second term of the NDA government. 3. World Bicycle Day is observed on 3rd June .

Current Affairs Quiz

डेली जीके क्विज 17/05/2019
डेली जीके क्विज 17/05/2019

1. भारतीय नौसेना प्रमुख का नाम बताएं? 2. हाल ही में ICC द्वारा पहली महिला मैच रेफरी के रूप में किसे नियुक्त किया गया है? 3. हाल ही में एक हल्के खेल विमान (एलएसए) में अटलांटिक महासागर को पार करने वाली दुनिया की पहली महिला कौन बनी है?

Daily Gk Quiz 17/05/2019
Daily Gk Quiz 17/05/2019

1. Name the Indian Navy Chief? 2. Recently who has been appointed as first female match referee by ICC? 3. Recently who has becomes the world’s first woman to cross the Atlantic Ocean solo in a light sports aircraft (LSA)?

डेली जीके क्विज 29/09/2018
डेली जीके क्विज 29/09/2018

प्रश्न 1)। हाल ही में एशियाई विकास बैंक (एडीबी) ने राज्य में रोजगार को बढ़ावा देने के लिए मध्य प्रदेश में पहला बहु-कौशल पार्क स्थापित करने के लिए 150 मिलियन डॉलर के ऋण को मंजूरी दे दी है। एडीबी के अध्यक्ष कौन हैं? प्रश्न 2)। परकर्म परव किस अवसर पर मनाया जा रहा है? प्रश्न 3)। भारत की लाइव स्टॉक जनगणना 1 अक्टूबर से शुरू होने वाली है। इस तरह की कितनी जनगणना पहले आयोजित की गई है और यह कौन सी जनगणना है?