Chapters

Voice

Voice is the quality of a verb that indicates whether its subject acts (active voice) or is acted upon (passive voice). Their are two types of voice:

  1. Active Voice: In active voice a sentence begins with a subject, eg: They will do the work.
  2. Passive Voice: In passive voice a sentence begins with an object, eg: The work will be done by them.

 

Rules of converting to Passive voice

The subject and the object are interchanged, 3rd form of verb is used. We have different rules for different tense to change active voice to passive voice which are as follows.

 

Simple Present Tense

 

Sub + V1 + obj (Active Voice) → Obj + is/am/are + V3 + by + sub (Passive Voice)

Examples:

 

Active Voice Passive Voice
He sings a song A song is sung by him.
He does not sing a song. A song is not sung by him.
Does he sing a song? Is a song sung by him?

 

 

Simple Past Tense

 

Sub + V2 + obj (Active Voice) → Obj + was/were + V3 + by + sub (Passive Voice)

Examples:

 

Active Voice Passive Voice
I killed a snake A snake was killed by me.
I did not kill a snake. A snake was not killed by me.
Did I kill a snake? Was a snake killed by me?

 

 

Simple Future Tense

 

Sub + shall/will + V1 + obj (Active Voice) → Obj + shall/will + be + V3 + by + sub(Passive Voice)

Examples:

 

Active Voice Passive Voice
She will buy a car. A car will be bought by her.
She will not buy a car. A car will not be bought by her.
Will she buy a car? Will a car be bought by her?

 

 

Present Continous Tense

 

Sub + is/am/are + V1 + ing + obj (Active Voice) → Obj + is/am/are + being + V3 + by + sub (Passive Voice)

Examples:

 

Active Voice Passive Voice
I am writing a letter A letter is being written by me.
I am not writing a letter. A letter is not being written by me.
Am I writing a letter? Is a letter being written by me?

 

 

Past Continous Tense

 

Sub + was/were + V1 + ing + obj (Active Voice) → Obj + was/were + being + V3 + by + sub (Passive Voice)

Examples:

 

Active Voice Passive Voice
He was driving a car. A car was being driven by him.  
He was not driving a car. A car was not being driven by him
Was he driving a car? Was a car being driven by him?

 

 

Future Continous Tense

 

Sub + shall/will + be + V1 + ing + obj (Active Voice) → Their is no passive voice of Future continuous tense

 

Present Prefect Tense

 

Sub + has/have + V3 + obj (Active Voice) → Obj + has/have + V3 + by + sub (Passive Voice)

Examples:

 

Active Voice Passive Voice
She has finished his work Her work has been finished by her
She has not finished her work. Her work has not been finished by her.
Has she finished her work? Has her work been finished by her?

 

 

Past Prefect Tense

 

Sub + had + V3 + obj (Active Voice) → Obj + had + been + V3 + by + sub (Passive Voice)

Examples:

 

Active Voice Passive Voice
They had completed the assignment. The assignment had been completed by them.
They had not completed the assignment. The assignment had not been complete by them.
Had they completed the assignment? Had the assignment been completed by them?

 

 

Future Prefect Tense

 

Sub + shall/will + have + V3 + obj (Active Voice) → Obj + shall/will + have + been + V3+ by + sub (Passive Voice)

Examples:

 

Active Voice Passive Voice
You will have started the job. The job will have been started by you.
You will have not started the job. The job will not have been started by you.
Will you have started the job? Will the job have been started by you?

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