Verb is a word that tells about a person or thing, like what he is doing or what is done with him or what a thing or person is. Classes of verbs are:
- Auxiliary verbs: Further the Auxiliary verbs are divided into primary auxilaries and models
- Primary auxiliaries: is, am, are, has, have, do, did, does
- Modal auxiliaries: eg. will, must, should, may, etc
- Ordinary verbs: To work, to play, to swim.
Rules of verbs
Their are several rules which we have to follow while using verbs
When two or more subjects are connected by :- “ as well as, like, unlike, together with, along with, rather than, no less than, more than one, nothing but”, the verb is used according to the first subject. Eg: The teacher as well as the students was having lunch, Nothing but truth is immortal, More students than one are present today.
When two or more subjects are connected by:- “ neither nor, either-non-but, not only-but also”, the verb is according to the nearest subject, Eg: I or he is to be punished, One or two games are played.
- Use of each after subject makes the verb plural. Eg: They each are honest.
- When none is used with uncountable nouns only singular and plural verbs are correct, eg: None of the work is completed.
- Neither, either, each, none, every, anyone, when used as pronoun or adjective, they are followed by third person singular, eg: Neither of us has gone to marriage, Each of the students are naughty
The inverted form of the verbs is used in following cases .
- When adverb introduces the sentence, eg: No sooner did she arrived she started shout
- When the verb meant to express a wish or prayer, eg: May u reach your goal
The expression many a/an , more than one should be followed by a singular noun and singular verb, eg: Many accidents have recently taken place, More men than one were beaten.
Auxiliary verbs and principal verbs should be mentioned separately in a compound sentence, if they differ by number, form or voice, eg: He has not and will not marry in near future. (Place married after has not), I did not and will not go there. (Correct)
Following cases use singular form of verb
- When two singular nouns refer to the same person denoted by one article, eg: The principal and director are on visit today. (Use is in place of are)
- In certain phrases or idiomatic pair of the words suggesting the same meaning, though not synonyms, eg: Bread and butter are sold here, Time and tide wait for none, Five times twenty is hundred.
When the sentence begins with 'it' , the verb is according to the subject 'it', eg: It is the Stars that guide our destiny, It is I who is helping you.
Some cases uses singular or plural verb according to the sense which they convey, eg: The rest of the chapter has been completed, The rest if the players have left for the game, Plenty of water is available in this part of the city, Plenty of books were donated to the charity.
When negative ideas are introduced in a noun clause with the following verbs in principle clause, it is advisable to make principle clause in negative, eg: I don't think he will fall.